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Kazakhstan
 

Unexplored by many, Kazakhstan is an intriguing and little-known land of vast plains, mountainous horizons and beautiful culture.

South Kazakhstan is a focus of Central Asian history, featuring many famous monuments. It is a scenically diverse region where the snow-capped peaks, lakes and glaciers of the Tian Shan range give way to steppe and desert. The desert is home to the Singing Barkhan - a sand dune 3.2km (2 miles) long, which, as it crumbles, produces a peculiar singing sound.

Almaty was until very recently the former capital of Kazakhstan and it enjoys a beautiful setting between mountains and plains; it is a city of modern architecture, cool fountains, parks and spectacular mountain views.

 
 

   
Key Facts
Area:
2,724,900 sq km (1,052,089 sq miles).

Population:
17.7 million (2013).

Population density:
6.5 per sq km.

Capital:
Astana.

Government:
Republic.

Head of state:
President Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev since 1991.

Head of government:
Prime Minister Karim Masimov since 2014.

Electricity:
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two-pin continental plugs are standard.
   

     
    Gardesh Tourism 2010-2014